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Citation Guide: In-Text Citations

Help with citing your sources for a research paper.

Essential Elements

Click on one of the following Core Elements 
to navigate this libguide.

(The core elements are required for each citation)

1. Author.
2. Title of Source.
3. Title of Container,
4. Other Contributors,
5. Version,
6. Number,
7. Publisher,
8. Publication date,

9. Location.

  *  Optional Elements
**  In-Text Citations



In-Text Citations

** In-Text Citations:
 In-text citations are brief references in your text that not only acknowledges a source you've consulted, but it
     attributes credit to your source any ideas, paraphrasing, and direct-quotes you are using in your paper. In most
     circumstances, the in-text citation consists of only the author's last name and the page number within
     parentheses. If the author's last name is written in the sentence, then only the page number is required in the
     in-text citation.

      (Author and Page Number):
        Your in-text citation must include the author's last name and page number (in parentheses). 

      (Page Number): 
       Your in-text citation does not require the author's last name if you mention the author's name in the sentence or if your
       last in-text citation was from the same source.

      The Work-Cited Entry for the Above In-Text Citations: