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Citation Guide: Conferences, Data, Patents, Software, Standards, & Technical Reports

Help with citing your sources for a research paper.

Conferences, Data, Patents, Software, Standards, & Technical Reports


In all of the examples shown here, the source type is online unless noted otherwise.

Conference abstract Okita, J.; Iwamoto, T.; Kira, M. Novel Synthetic Route for Hydrosilyllithiums. In Book of Abstracts, 2000 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies (PACIFICHEM 2000), Honolulu, HI; Paper INOR 216.

Conference proceedings

Nilsson, A.; Petersson, F.; Persson, H. W.; Jönsson, H.; Laurell, T. Manipulation of Suspended Particles in a Laminar Flow. In Micro Total Analysis Systems 2002, Proceedings of the μTAS 2002 Symposium, Nara, Japan, November 3−7, 2002; Baba, Y., Shoji, S., van den Berg, A., Eds.; Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2002; Vol. 2, pp 751−753. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-010-0504-3_50

Data from a database

4-Bromo-2-fluorotoluene. SDBSWeb. National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology. n.d. (accessed 2019-03-17). (CAS RN: 51436-99-8).


SpectraBase. Bio-Rad Laboratories. (accessed 2020-01-05).


Lois-Caballe, C.; Baltimore, D.; Qin, X.-F. Method for Expression of Small RNA Molecules within a Cell. US 7 732 193 B2, 2010.


Schrödinger Release 2019-3: BioLuminate; Schrödinger, LLC: New York, 2019. (accessed 2019-09-08).


ASTM International. Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics; ASTM D638-14; West Conshohocken, PA, 2014. DOI: 10.1520/D0638-14

Technical report

Hung, C.-C.; Hurst, J.; Santiago, D. Boron Nitride Nanoribbons from Exfoliation of Boron Nitride Nanotubes; NASA/TM-2017-219455; National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Glenn Research Center: Cleveland, OH, 2017. (accessed 2019-09-10).


(ACS Style Quick Guide)