Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Guide: CBE/CSE

Help with citing your sources for a research paper.

Ordering a Reference List and In-text Citations


  • End references are sequenced based on the order that they appear in the text, they are not listed alphabetically.
  • Use numbers within the text to refer to the end references.


in-text reference:
Liberated German art was hauled away to secret locations to be distributed among American civilians1.

end reference:
1. Simpson A, Burns M, Lovejoy J, Gumble B, Christian S, Powers R, Simpson L, Flanders T, Simpson B, Burns L, et al. The Flying Hellfish: WWII liberators of art from Nazi Germany. Cypr J. 1989;9(1):49-58.
2. Lumpkin L, Simpson C,. Country singin aint for me. 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Country Press; 1989. 419 p.



Online Images

Journal Title Abbreviations

CBE/CSE Citation Style requires abbreviated Journal Titles - use the link below to access a complete list of abbreviated titles. 

Find Journal Title Abbreviations Here

Online Journal Article-One Author

Print Journal Citation Example

  • Author(s). Article title. Journal title. Date;Volume(issue):page numbers.

Print Journal-Multiple Authors

Washington State Libraries, University of Missouri Libraries