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Psychology: Research Glossary

Research help in the area of Psychology.

Research glossary title

Terms listed alphabetically. 


Research Glossary


– A brief summary or overview of the main points of a work.

Annotated bibliography

– A list of source citations with a summary or brief statement about each.

Bibliography (also References or Works Cited)

An alphabetical list of sources such as books, articles, websites, or other information used to compose a writing project. Includes information such as the title, author, volume and issue, website URL, and date of publication for each source.

Bound periodical

– Issues of a journal bound together (usually by volume) in a hard book cover to preserve and organize them for later use.


– A reference to a particular article, book chapter or another source; usually includes at least the title, author, and year of publication. Bibliographies are collections of citations.


– A research project required to earn a doctoral degree.

Expository text

– Explains, clarifies, and organizes information on a topic.


Small plastic sheets containing tiny images of books, newspapers, and other materials that require a microform reader for viewing and printing.


– Rolls of film containing tiny images of books, newspapers, and other materials that require a microform reader for viewing and printing.

Original research article (also Primary Scientific Literature)

- An article written by researchers that explains their research and its findings, written in scientific format, peer-reviewed and published in an academic journal. 

Parenthetical citation

– Source citations within the text of a written work that point the reader to the original source of the information, listed in detail in the Bibliography, References, or Works Cited at the end of the work.

Peer-reviewed journal (also Refereed journal)

– A journal that uses a panel of subject experts (the “peers” of the authors submitting articles) to review and select articles for publication in the journal, according to its publication standards.


– A magazine or journal published at regular intervals.

Primary source

– An artifact or document from the time period in which an event occurred.

Qualitative research

– Research that involves analysis through observation and interpretation. Data may be in the form of observation or artifacts. Qualitative research seeks to describe and interpret.

Quantitative research

– Research using data in the form of numerical data and statistical models. Quantitative research seeks to accurately measure or count.

Review article

– An article that offers an overview of research in a subject area to-date.

Secondary Source

– An analysis of or commentary on an event after it has passed. 


– A research project required to earn a master’s degree. 

Thesis statement

– A statement at the beginning of a paper that explains what the paper is about. For research, it might also state the results of the study.