What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography provides a citation for each source used in the paper and a summary and assessment of each source.
What is the difference between a bibliography and an annotated bibliography?
A bibliography lists all the sources that a researcher used in researching and writing their paper. Each citation entry in a bibliography only includes all the bibliographic information about the source, such as the author, title, publisher, publication date, etc. Similar to a bibliography, an annotated bibliography includes citation entries for all the sources that a researcher used. An annotated bibliography also includes a summary and/or evaluation of these sources.
What is the purpose of including annotated bibliographies?
Annotated bibliographies allow you to learn more about your topic. When you create a bibliography, you may just skim over your sources. However, annotated bibliographies require you to carefully read and evaluate each of your sources. Annotated bibliographies also help you develop your thesis. The careful evaluation of all your sources allows you to gain a better perspective on the topic and form an argument within this topic. Annotated bibliographies help other researchers reading your paper. These researchers can quickly understand your sources by reading your entries in your annotated bibliography.
What information should be included in an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography typically includes a summary of the source, an evaluation of the source’s credibility, reliability, and usefulness, and a reflection of how the source will contribute to the paper.
What citation style are annotated bibliographies typically written in?
Annotated bibliographies are typically written in APA or MLA citation style.
What format should the annotations be written in?
The annotations in an annotated bibliography should be written in paragraph form. These paragraphs can vary from a few sentences to multiple pages, depending on your purpose and needs in writing an annotation.
Annotated bibliographies usually include a summary, evaluation, and reflection. The purpose of the summary is to describe the content and purpose of the source. The purpose of the evaluation is to assess the source’s credibility and reliability and the purpose of the reflection is to analyze the source’s usefulness to your research. The following questions will help you decide what information to include in each section:
Note: Your annotated bibliography may not include all of these sections and you may include other sections in your annotated bibliography. To decide what to include in your annotated bibliography, you should evaluate your purpose and needs in including an annotated bibliography and the guidelines from your professor.
Reading, Summarizing, and Evaluating Sources
Formatting Annotated Bibliography
Creating Entries in Annotated Bibliography
Summary (if included)
Evaluation (if included)
Reflection (if included)