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HED 6500: Basic Understandings in Higher Education Administration: Books & eBooks

Essential Elements

Book citations should always include the following:

  • Name of author(s)
  • Year of publication
  • Title of work
  • Location of publisher
  • Name of publisher

Other information you may need:

  • Name of editor(s)
  • Edition of book
  • Volume of book
  • Page numbers (if citing a specific chapter or article)

Tips To Remember

- Capitalize only the first word of the book or article's title and subtitle. All other words should be lowercase except for proper nouns.

- Do not use quotation marks around titles of shorter works within books, such as reference book entries or individual chapters.

Sample Citations - Books

Book by a Single Author or Editor

Example - Single Author:


Example - Single Editor:

If you are citing an entire edited book, place the editor's name in the author position followed by (Ed.). If you are citing a specific chapter, article, or entry in an edited book or in a reference book, see instructions below.


Book by Multiple Authors or Editors

Two to Seven Authors or Editors

List each author by their last names followed by their initials. Use the ampersand (&) rather than the word "and."



*For books by more than seven authors, list the first six authors as above. Insert an ellipses (...) after the name of the sixth author followed by the name of the last author listed.


Book by a Corporate Author or Organization

Place the full name of the organization in the author position. If the book is in edition other than the first, include the edition after the title.


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (6th ed.).

         Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Chapter or Section of an Edited Book

If you are citing a specific chapter or section of an edited book, list the author of the section first. Include information such as page numbers, edition and volume numbers after the title of the book.



Entry or Article in a Reference Book

Begin the citation with the author of the article, not the author or editor of the book.

Example - Signed Entry:


Example - Unsigned Entry:

If no author is attached to an entry, begin with the title of the entry.

Determinism. (2003). In J. van Huyssteen, N. Howell, N. Gregersen, W. Wildman, & I. Barbour (Eds.), Encyclopedia of science and

         religion (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 216-217). New York, NY: Macmillan.



Editon Other Than the First

Include edition information in parentheses after the title. Cite the edition as it is printed on the title page (2nd ed., Rev. ed., 2010 ed., etc.)



Multivolume Work

Include the volume used in parentheses after the title.




Include the author(s), publication date, and title as you would a print publication, followed by:

  • The DOI (Digital Object Identifier), if available.
  • If no DOI is available, include the e-book's URL address. If you have accessed the material through a subscription database (such as NetLibrary, eBrary, or Knovel), use the database home page URL. You do NOT need to include the URL if you have included a DOI.



eBook on a Kindle, iPad, etc.

After the publication information, include:

  • The type of e-reader you used
  • The website or software from which you retrieved the book

Example - Kindle