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Communication: Welcome

Research help in the area of Communication.

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Research Glossary


Research Glossary


Abstract – A brief summary or overview of the main points of a work.

Annotated bibliography – A list of source citations with a summary or brief statement about each.

Bibliography (also References or Works Cited) – An alphabetical list of sources such as books, articles, websites, or other information used to compose a writing project. Includes information such as the title, author, volume and issue, website URL, and date of publication for each source.

Bound periodical – Issues of a journal bound together (usually by volume) in a hard book cover to preserve and organize them for later use.

Citation – A reference to a particular article, book chapter or other source; usually includes at least the title, author, and year of publication. Bibliographies are collections of citations.

Dissertation – A research project required to earn a doctoral degree.

Original research article - An article written by the researchers that explains the research and its findings.

Parenthetical citation – Source citations within the text of a written work that point the reader to the original source of the information, listed in detail in the Bibliography, References, or Works Cited at the end of the work.

Peer-reviewed journal (also Refereed journal) – A journal that uses a panel of subject experts (the “peers” of the authors submitting articles) to review and select articles for publication in the journal, according to its publication standards.

Periodical – A magazine or journal published at regular intervals.

Primary source – An artifact or document from the time period in which an event occurred.

Qualitative research – Research that involves analysis through observation and interpretation. Data may be in the form of observation or artifacts. Qualitative research seeks to describe and interpret.

Quantitative research – Research using data in the form of numerical data and statistical models. Quantitative research seeks to accurately measure or count.

Review article – An article that offers an overview of research in subject area to-date.

Secondary source – An analysis or commentary on an event after it has passed.

Thesis – A research project required to earn a master’s degree.

Thesis statement – A statement at the beginning of a paper that explains what the paper is about. For research, it might also state the results of the study.




Poll Everywhere

30-Second President

The 30-Second President [electronic resource] 1984, Lawrenceville, NJ: Films Media Group; Orangeville, ON: McIntyre Media [distributor] 

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