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Citation Guide: Additional Resources/Web Pages

Help with citing your sources for a research paper.

Essential Elements

Include as much of the following information as available when citing Web sites:

  • Name of author(s)
  • Date of publication
  • Name of Web page
  • URL of Web page

Tips

- Italicize the name of the Web page. The name of the overall Web site is not needed.

- Capitalize only the first word of the page's title, subtitle, and proper nouns.

- Do not place a period after the page's URL to end the citation. This will corrupt the URL address.

- Try to keep the URL on one line. If it must continue onto another line, be sure to break the URL before a forward slash (/).

Sample Citations - Web Sites

Web Page

Example:

 


Web Page, No Stated Author

If no author can be found, begin the citation with the title of the Web page.

Example:

Africa: arts and cultures. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/world_cultures/africa

         /africa_arts_and_cultures.aspx

 


Web Page, No Date

If the web page has no date of publication or no date updated,  use the notation "n.d."

Example:

Victory gardens. (n.d.).  Retrieved from http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe40s/crops_02.html

 


Blog

If the author's full name cannot be found, it is acceptable to use the blogger's screen name.

Examples:

Lessig, L. (2009, April 26). Architects of openness [Web log message]. Retrieved from

         http://lessig.org/blog/2009/04/architects_of_openness.html

Annoyed Librarian. (2009, July 22). Improving neighborhood libraries [Web log message]. Retrieved from

         http://www.libraryjournal.com/blog/580000658/post/210046821.html

 

Personal Communication

No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase 'personal communication,' and the date of the communication in your main text only. See in-text citation page for examples.