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Citation Guide: Dissertations/Theses

Help with citing your sources for a research paper.

Essential Elements

Dissertation/Thesis citations should always include the following:

  • Name of author(s)

  • Year of publication

  • Title of work

  • Identification of work

  • Retrieved from

Other information you may need:

  • Database name

  • Accession, Order, Dissertation/Thesis, or UMI Number

  • URL

  • Institution Name, Location


- Only the first word of the title and subtitle should be capitalized, except for proper nouns.

- Italicize the Dissertation/Thesis title. 

- Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master's thesis in parentheses after the title.

- If the paper is available through a database, give the accession/order/UMI No. in parentheses at the end of the reference.

- If the work is retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses or another published source include this information in the reference.

Sample Citations - Dissertations/Theses

Dissertation/Theses from a Commercial Database


Dissertations/Theses for an Institutional Database/Repository


Dissertations/Theses from a University outside the U.S.


Unpublished Dissertations/Theses